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River Birch, Red Birch
Betula nigra
River birch Bark of River Birch River birch in fall Leaf of river birch
River birch
Bark of river birch
River birch in fall
Leaf of river birch
(Images courtesy G. Lumis)

Bark

Salmon-colored bark that peels and turns to dark red-brown plates as it ages

Pests

  • Susceptible to birch leafminer, although attack is generally not severe
  • Resistant to bronze birch borer

General Comments

  • Native to the southern United States and along the Mississippi River as far north as St. Paul, MN
  • Can do well on wet soils although it also grows well on drier soils
  • Sensitive to alkaline soils with a pH greater than 6.5
  • A good selection in southern climates (USDA Hardiness Zone 6) although it also does well in cooler climates (Hardiness Zones 4 and 5)

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