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Types of Birch Trees

Birch trees come in many shapes and sizes, but they do share some common characteristics.  Generally, birch trees are medium-sized trees growing to between 40 and 50 feet in height with the leaves turning yellow in the fall.  Where they tend to differ is in bark colour, growing conditions and disease resistance. 

Click on a species below to discover more.

Leaf of Crimson Frost Birch

Crimson Frost Birch
Betula platyphylla
var. szechuanica x Betula pendula 'Purpurea' 'Crimson Frost'

Bark of European white birch

European White Birch, Silver Birch
Betula pendula

Bark of Heritage river birch

Heritage River Birch
Betula nigra 'Heritage'

Bark of Jacquemonti birch

Jacquemonti Birch, Whitebarked Himalayan Birch
Betula jacquemontii

bark of paper birch

Paper Birch, White Birch, Canoe Birch
Betula papyrifera

Bark of river birch

River Birch, Red Birch
Betula nigra

Bark of yellow birch

Yellow Birch
Betula alleghaniensis

Young's Weeping birch

Young's Weeping Birch
Betula pendula 'Youngii'

Species information is provided by the USDA

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